The labor market is one of the most important institutions determining economic growth and its distribution, as labor income is more than two-thirds of national income. Skill levels and the efficient matching of skills to jobs are key for economic growth. Yet the labor market is not a perfectly competitive market, but rather one that is regulated by a wide array of institutions that affect labor income and its distribution.
We need a better understanding of the two-way link between equitable growth and the labor market. How does the labor market affect equitable growth? How does inequality, in turn, affect the labor market?
- The effect of the labor market on equitable growth
- The effects of inequality on the labor market
- The effects of productivity on the labor market
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The redistributional consequences of multiple minimum wages
Where does new work come from?
Domestic outsourcing in the United States
Workers’ bargaining power in the United States over time
Benefit risk, claim timing, and Unemployment Insurance benefit generosity in California
Understanding collective labor action in platform businesses
This project will use surveys to assess the role customers play as a source of power for U.S. workers who strike or protest working conditions, as well as the effects of different aspects of job quality on the likelihood of workers to leave a current job. The coronavirus pandemic is providing a laboratory for examining how the salience of these issues affect workers’ views of their jobs and their willingness to work under conditions of varying risk.
The first survey will use experiments embedded in a Facebook-based convenience sample to target food workers broadly, with a focus on W-2 employees at meat processing facilities, grocery stores, restaurants, and platform-based food delivery workers, including but not limited to Instacart. The second will survey a nationally representative sample of the full U.S. population in order to assess changing food consumption habits, as well as perceptions of food workers and collective action during the pandemic. This timely research promises to bring worker views into the public discussion of quality jobs, including welfare and safety, and will shed light on how workers and customers are intertwined in workplace issues of the day.
Michigan State UniversityLearn More
New York UniversityLearn More
Princeton UniversityLearn More
CUNY School of Labor and Urban StudiesLearn More
Harvard UniversityLearn More