Grant

The historical shadow of segregation on human capital and upward mobility

Project Summary:

This project expands on recent path-breaking work that has documented substantial variation in rates of social mobility across locations in the United States. Where children grow up has a strong influence on the probability that they will earn more than their parents in adulthood, with some regions highly mobile and others lagging far behind. This research suggests that regional differences in opportunity might be explained not only by contemporary characteristics but also by historical disparities. The researchers will merge the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) with Raj Chetty and others’ Equality of Opportunity dataset, and the Logan-Parman index of inequality, providing a profound advancement in the literature with strong policy implications.

Biography

Hardy is an Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy. His research interests lie within labor economics, with an emphasis on economic instability, intergenerational mobility, poverty policy, and socio-economic outcomes. Within the department, he teaches courses on microeconomics and social policy. His research examines trends and sources of income volatility and intergenerational mobility within the United States, with a focus on socio-economically disadvantaged families. He also conducts research on the role of anti-poverty transfer programs such as SNAP food stamps and the earned income tax credit for improving economic well-being among low income individuals and families. Before joining American, he served as a research fellow at the University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research. Prior to his doctoral studies, Hardy helped provide analyses of U.S. budget, tax, and income support policies as a researcher at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in Washington, DC. He currently serves on the executive boards of the National Economic Association and the Society of Government Economists, and the editorial board of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. He is a member of the National Academy of Social Insurance.

Selected Publications