Slavery versus economic creativity in Civil War America
[T]here can be no question but that the slavery … must be injurious to science; since the minds of our slaves are never cultivated. The same reason will always render it unfavourable to trade and manufactures, which have ever flourished in free states. Commerce especially flies from oppression, and rests only on the wings of liberty. If slavery then be necessarily an enemy to arts and sciences, good policy would surely direct us to suppress it.
-Arthur Lee, 17641
1. Arther Lee, An Essay in Vindication of the Continental Colonies of America from a Censure of Mr. Adam Smith, in his Theory of Moral Sentiments (London: T. Becket and P.A. De Honda, 1764), 39.
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